Asheville History: 1800 - 1850
The turn of the century marked an era of huge growth and overpopulation in the coastal regions of this budding nation, but in the Mountainous region of WNC, due to the rough terrain, isolation became the norm for decades. Trade was sparse and the impact of cultural institutions, such as religion and government was nominal. The families of WNC provided enough food to subsist and owning slaves was financially out of the question for most. Denied proper political representation from the core of state politics or Coastal regions, protest ensued and movements called the Regulation were formed. People, sick of corrupt local government, took law into their own hands in the form of vigilantism. This became know as mountain justice. Still the isolation led to legislative apathy on an area so remote and far removed.
Finally in 1828, inaccessibility was broken with the Buncombe Turnpike, a road constructed parallel to the French Broad River. This conduit connected eastern Tennessee to WNC serving as a previously unknown gateway. Although a path to the coastal regions was far from development, this new trail brought an influx of settlers flowing into the region. These settlers ushered into WNC livestock as well as culture. This trail traipsed directly though Hot Springs, then know as Warm Springs, where the rejuvenating natural hot springs were deeply revered by the Cherokee Nation. By 1831, James Patton bought the springs, and later in 1837 established a 350 room Warm Springs Hotel with 13 soaring columns in semblance of the 13 original colonies. In 1886 the town’s name was changed to Hot Springs when a higher temperature spring was discovered. Originally sixteen marble pools were encircled by lush gardens, tennis and croquet courts, and was well known as one of the Southeast’s most lavish resorts.